Located just 56 kilometers from Bangkok, Nakhon Pathom holds an important place in Thailand’s history. It is home to Phra Pathom Chedi, believed to be the first Buddhist landmark in Thailand. Archeologists believe that the province was home to the first Buddhist civilization in Thailand. The ancient ruins discovered date back to the Dvaravati era. The first inhabitants settled along the river until a severe drought caused them to migrate toward other sources of water.
The new settlement was named Nakhon Chaisi (also called Sirichai) and left the former Nakhon Pathom settlement vacant for hundreds of years. Eventually the ruins were discovered by King Rama IV and he ordered the city to be rebuilt, beginning first with the Chedi Bucha canal. He had the Phra Pathom Chedi restored and made the center of the town, relocating settlers from their previous communities. During the reign of King Rama V railways were constructed in the south, and this brought an influx of population to region.
During the next king’s reign many roads were constructed and a palace was built. The Saphan Charoensattha bridge was constructed across the Chedi Bucha canal as well. He had the name Nakhon Chaisi changed to Nakhon Pathom.
Nakhon Pathom is divided into 7 districts: Amphoe Muang Nakhon Pathom, Amphoe Buddhamonthon, Amphoe Sam Phran, Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi, Amphoe Bang Len, Amphoe Kamphaeng Saen, and Amphoe Don Toom.