Central and eastern Thailand is made up of 26 provinces, including the famed Bangkok. This is the center of Thailand, encompassing Lop Buri, the central plains, the Chao Phraya River and the upper gulf, this region is rich in farm lands, orchards, plantations and rice paddy fields.
This is Thailand’s most fertile farming area, a wide-ranging landscape of paddy fields, orchards and plantations. More than 1,000 years ago Thai settlers moved down from the north, gradually replacing Mon and Khmer influences and establishing communities at Lop CENTRAL & EAST COAST Buri then at Sukhothai, before founding a kingdom that lasted 417 years with Ayutthaya as its capital. When the Burmese destroyed Ayutthaya in 1767, the capital moved to Bangkok.
Over 1,000 years ago, settlers in northern Thailand began migrating south to Sukhothai, and then eventually to Ayutthaya before bringing the capital to Bangkok. The region’s history is a dramatic one, with a rich legacy of ancient battlefields, ruins, and temples. Tourists continue to flock to Ayutthaya and Bangkok, fascinated by the archeological and cultural wonders. The coastal regions to the south are also a major destination for visitors from around the world as well as fellow Thais.
The eastern coastline stretches from Chon Buri to Rayong and boasts some of Asia’s best beaches. Pattaya is the resort center, home to a variety of hotels, guesthouses and resorts. For a more laid-back atmosphere, many travellers opt to visit Rayong or Ko Samet or even the Ko Chang National Park islands bordering Cambodia.
The western coastline draws travellers seeking a laid-back yet sophisticated atmosphere, particularly at the Ch-am and Hua Hin resorts. If a seaside vacation is not your cup of tea, venture to Kanchanaburi located in the mountains of the northwestern area of the region bordering Myanmar. Teeming with wildlife sanctuarias, national parks, waterfalls, caves and forests, Kanchanaburi is an ideal destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers.
The 26 provinces of Central and Eastern Thailand: