Bhutan with its 47,000 square kilometer area and a sparse population density of 30 people per square kilometer comes closest to the description of, Shangri La. The spiritual land of Bhutan is the only country in the world, where the Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism is the official state religion. Buddhism provides a unique identity to the Bhutanese people. Buddhism is everywhere; it determines their thoughts, attitudes, culture, way of life and traditions.
The natural environment is mostly undisturbed and is in pristine form. The ecosystem in Bhutan is diverse, because of its location, great geographical and climatic variations. The ‘staircase’ of Bhutan starts from an altitude of 300 meters and goes up to 7000 meters. Bhutan’s rugged mountains, snow crowned peaks and densely forested valleys are rich ecologically. This makes Bhutan one of the world’s ten most important biodiversity ‘hotspots’.
Bhutan is a unique blend of the old and new. Here is a country that is slowly opening up to the modern world keeping a fine balance with its ancient traditions. They have never been colonized and are fiercely proud of their independence.
A royal decree ensures that all buildings in Bhutan must keep the traditional style. The cities of Bhutan centre on the dzong (fortress), which function as the administrative and religious headquarters of the district. The scenic backdrop provided by the Himalayas, the clean mountain streams, flowering forests and traditional architecture ensures that the cities of Bhutan are like none other in the world.