Originally established as a reserve forest in 1908, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary in 1916 to counter extensive poaching of the rhinoceros. In 1974, the Indian Government demarcated the present area as a national park, which was then designated a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. In 2007, it was also declared a tiger reserve under the Central Government's Project Tiger scheme. This is a blessed land for wildlife enthusiasts. At the heart of its mind boggling biodiversity is the rich topography with its lush hills and valleys, dissected by the majestic Brahmaputra and its many tributaries.
Kaziranga National Park is spread over 858 square kilometers, and is located in the floodplains on both sides of the Brahmaputra. Patches of mixed deciduous forests are interspersed with vast stretches of savannah grasslands, wetlands and chars of river islands formed by the shifting course of the Brahmaputra. The Park is divided into five ranges with their own entry points. Four lie on the southern side of the river and one on the northern bank.
The Park is ‘home’ to more than 70% of the world’s One Horned Rhinoceros, and harbours more than 60% of India's wild buffalo population along with the only population of the Eastern Swamp deer. Other important wildlife found here are - Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, Large & Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, the endangered Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin, Otter and seven species of turtles and tortoises.
The park also has a sizeable population of birds. Home to 25 Globally Threatened and 21 Near Threatened species of birds. Huge flocks of pelicans and rose-ringed parakeets can be spotted here besides crested serpent eagles, grey-headed fishing eagles, red jungle fowl, Bengal floricans, bar-headed geese and whistling teal.
How to reach
Kaziranga National Park is situated the state of Assam, in the far east of the country.
The Park is open daily from 1st November to 30th April unless due to exceptional rains in any year, the park may open later and/or close earlier for safety reasons or unless a census may be scheduled. The Park may also be open for parts of October and May subject to favorable weather and road conditions.
Jorhat is the nearest Airport (113 Kilometers) with daily flights from Calcutta, or Guwahati (211 Kilometers) with daily flights from Calcutta & Delhi.